Show me / explain how you would check that the power steering is working before starting a journey
If the steering becomes heavy the system may not be working properly. Before starting a journey two simple checks can be made. Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained while the engine is started, should result in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate. Alternately turning the wheel just after moving off will give an indication that the power assistance is functioning
Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine oil level and tell me how you would check that the engine has sufficient oil
Identify the dipstick. Explain how the dipstick is removed, wiped clean, reinserted and then removed again to check the oil level against the min / max markers
Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine coolant level and tell me how you would check that the engine has the correct level.
Identify high / low level markings on the header tank. Describe how to top up making sure engine is cold first to avoid scalding.
Show me how you would check the parking brake for excessive wear.
Demonstrate while pressing the foot brake by applying the handbrake without pressing the button. That when it is fully applied it secures itself, and has not clicked more than 4 or 5 times.
Show me how you would check that the brake lights are working on this car.
You could ask the examiner to help and look at the lights or you could park the car where you could see the reflection of the lights in windows, garage doors, etc, and operate the brake pedal with the ignition on.
Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid
Identify reservoir and check the brake fluid level against the high & low level markings on the side of the reservoir
Show me how you would check the horn is working (off road only)
Press the horn control to make the horn sound.
Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working.
Apply the hazard warning lights. Walk round the vehicle and check they are all working.
Show me how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows effectively, this should include both front and rear screens.
Set all the relevant controls including; fan, temperature, air direction / source and heated screen to clear windscreen and windows. The engine doesn’t have to be started for this demonstration. Fan - Max; Temp – Max; Air direction to windscreen
Show me how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and wipers.
Operate control to wash and wipe windscreen with the ignition on.
Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when to use it (them).
Operate the switch (turning on ignition and dipped headlights) Check the warning light is on and explain how they would be used when visibility dropped below 100 metres.
Show me how you would switch the headlights from dipped to main beam and explain how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car.
Operate the switch (with ignition on) and check with the main beam warning light.
Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with the anti lock braking system.
The warning light would illuminate if the was a problem with the anti lock brakes.
Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.
The brakes should not feel spongy or slack. Brakes should be tested as you pull off. The car should not pull to one side as you apply the brakes.
Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressures for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.
You will find the information in the manufacturer’s handbook.
Use a reliable pressure gauge, check and adjust the pressures when the tyres are cold. Don’t forget to check the spare tyre as well and always refit the valve caps.
Tell me how you would check the tyres to ensure that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.
Check the tread depth indicators to ensure that the tyres have 1.6mm of tread across the central three quarters of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference. Check there are no cuts, bulges in or damage to the tyres and their sidewalls.
Tell me where the windscreen washer reservoir is located and tell me how you would check the windscreen washer level.
The reservoir is located under the bonnet and is checked by seeing the coloured washer fluid within it.
Tell me how you make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.
The head restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears and as close to the back of the head as comfortable if possible.
Tell me how you would check that the headlights and taillights are working.
Switch lights on (with ignition on if necessary). Walk round the vehicle and check they are all working.